That why so many disputes are still pending in Supreme Court specially the dispute regarding share of water of various rivers. Under Nehruvian era, State Reorganization Act, leading to the formation of five zonal councils was an important step towards cooperation. Most provinces wanted freedom, which is why many powers were given to the Union Government, which should not have been given under normal circumstances.
Lastly, there should be some inbuilt safeguards against the blatant misuse of Article by successive central Governments. It has been argued that the Indian Constitution does not satisfy certain essential tests of federalism, namely- the right of the units to make their own Constitution and provision of double citizenship.
The extent of federalism of the Indian Union is largely watered down by the needs of progress, development and making the nation integrated, politically and economically co-ordinated, and socially and spiritually uplifted.
The framers of the Indian Constitution attempted to avoid the difficulties faced by the federal Constitutions of U. Both in US and India, states which have acceeded to the Federal set up have no unilateral power to secede from the Federal Government or the Union Government.
In a response to the increasing number of water disputes the United Progressive Alliance Government has proposed to set up two Commissions to look into the Centre- State relations, including river water- sharing, and to examine administrative reforms.
But this factor does not reduce the States to mere appendages of the Centre. The important policy decisions taken by the cabinet headed by the Prime Minister, if necessary has to be enacted into laws only with the requisite majority of the parliament.
These differences have been wantonly created by the architects of the Indian constitution. Another pre-requisite of a federation, namely, an independent judiciary — an interpreter and guardian of the Constitution — is also present in the Indian Federation.
This view of the apex court has lately undergone a change. India is a Unitary State with subsidiary unitary principle. Thus, it would be more appropriate to describe the Constitution of India as quasi- federal or unitary rather than a federal Constitution in the true nature of the term.
Apart from the unequal representation of the states in the Rajya Sabha a number of other provisions also reveal the constitutional imbalance between the Union and the states. The minority view expressed by Justice Subba Rao has consistency with the federal scheme under the Indian Constitution.
At the conclusion of the First Round Table Conference in the British Government officially accepted the principle that the form of the new government of India was to be an all India federation embracing British India and the princely states.
Though the country and the people may be divided into different states for convenience of administration the whole country is one integral whole, its people a single people living under a single imperium derived from a single source.
For example, recently, the salaries and allowances of the Indian MPs have been hiked through a voice vote of the members of the Indian Parliament, whereas in the US, the 27 th amendment originally proposed on 25th September,was ratified on May 7 th,regulating the provision for varying the compensation of the members of the House of Senate and Representatives.
Such actions have generated wide spread opposition from interested parties. The paramount position of the centre is underscored by the constitutional division of powers.
A Federal system is characterized me by two sets of government with a clear cut division of powers. However, the union does not just have absolute power. Federalism of India essentially functions on the basis of territorial decentralization, which combines both the center and non-centralized models of federalism.
Menon the genesis of the present federalism in India lies in the Simon Report of May,which supported the concept of federalism. This threat is in the form of frequent use of Article imposing president rule, as seen recently in Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh.
A report (Montagu-Chelmsford Report) submitted by the Indian Constitution Reform Committee in became the basis of the Government of India Act of which was the beginning of. This essay has been submitted by a law student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. A DEBATE ON INDIAN FEDERALISM Concept of Federalism.
FEDERALISM IN INDIA Federalism is a basic feature of the Constitution of India in which the Union of India is permanent and indestructible. Both the Centre and the States are co-operating and coordinating institutions having independence and ought to exercise their respective powers with mutual adjustment, respect, understanding and accommodation.
FEDERALISM IN INDIA Federalism is a basic feature of the Constitution of India in which the Union of India is permanent and indestructible - Federalism in India introduction. Both the Centre and the States are co-operating and coordinating institutions having independence and ought to exercise their respective powers with mutual adjustment, respect, understanding and accommodation.
Essay on Federalism in India. The Indian political system like federal experiments in many other parts of the world has passed through its various phases of federal polity from its quasi-federal character to a stage of co-operation and the competition in its centre-state.
Essay on Federalism in India Article shared by The Indian political system like federal experiments in many other parts of the world has passed through its various phases of federal polity from its quasi-federal character to a stage of co-operation and the competition in its centre-state relation and then to a stage of extreme centralization.Federalism in india essay